Principles of Democracy and Local Political Parties In Aceh Province
Keywords:Democracy, political parties, Local Political Parties
The background for the emergence of local political parties in Aceh is the agreement on the terms of the Free Aceh Movement in the form of the existence of local political parties in Aceh by the government of the Republic of Indonesia in the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding as an effort to end the prolonged armed conflict in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. In this paper it can also be concluded that the presence of local political parties in the Indonesian party system has implications in the form of amendments to the Aceh government law to accommodate the existence of local political parties in Aceh which act as lex specialis derograt lex generale. The existence of local political parties in Aceh also has implications in the form of a decrease in the vote acquisition of national political parties in the local elections held in 2009 and 2014 in Aceh, where the Aceh Party succeeded in dominating in the vote far above national political parties and other local political parties. . The government should provide a channel for aspirations for local Acehnese political parties at the national level given the limited space for local political parties to convey the aspirations of the Acehnese people at the national level.
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